Thanks for pointing that out. Just printed out a copy of the 2016 NHC Guidelines.
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I wouldn't worry about the apple character - it's not way up front.That's good to hear. I'll rework my hop schedule to match the 2:1 ratio that Sean uses. Might even go 3:1 given Citra's tendency to dominate. It sounds like a better starting point than what I had planned.
What make and model is that mini fridge? How was the freezer modification? What is the max height?
Supposedly, if you add the hops too early, bittering compounds will bind to proteins as they coagulate and precipitate out later. . . . I have to guess that the phenomenon that Noonan describes is responsible for the physical/chemical effects during FWH, and related to the perceived changes people observe when FWHing vs. not.Percieved bitterness is lower for FWH, but measured IBU's are higher, so I'd think the binding and dropping out thing would not apply.