The hop particles are in suspension and not dissolved so they should have no effect on gravity.
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So it sounds like, for an APA or IPA, most people who whirlpool hop use little to no boil additions other than bittering. I will be doing my first brew with this technique on Saturday with the recipe below. We will see how it goes.Bingo. The main purpose for hop stands and whirlpool additions is to extract flavor and aroma from hops without boiling them off. Steep additions give a lot more flavor than late boil additions, so if you're using this technique you would typically use it in lieu of late kettle additions.
What most people describe as piney, I describe as freshly-soiled litter box.
Any thoughts on using black currants in cider as a source of tannin? Thanks for the info and the reminder for me to pick my black currants.
I do 60, 20, 10, and 5 minute hop additions plus a steep. Why? Because I like the results. Objectionable aromas like cat pee and onions seems to be reduced or eliminated with some boil time. I don't steep hops that are prone to foul aromas.
I'm finding the opposite. Some hops like Citra seem to stay soft and pleasant when they are not used in the boil. I have to wonder if there is some sort of isomerization reaction that creates those off aromas like cat pee and garlic? It does seem limited to certain hop varieties.
The results of this study are consistent with my observations.
4mmp = potential for cat pee
I think you're much better off using a lager strain that tolerates warmer temps than using an ale strain. WY2124 or Saflager 34/70 will get you closer than any ale strain, even pushing the low 60s for fermentation temps. The yeast character is distinctly different between an Alt, Koelsch or lager strain.
I disagree. I made much better pseudoests with WY1007 than 2124. Much cleaner.
No brewing, it is time it drink the lagers brewed in winter.
German Pils, CAP, and a special lager with American hops (mt. hood, sterling, santium, crystal).
We will also have pretzels, radishes (spiral cut white ones), and obatzda for starters. Later we have an assortment of German wurst and potatoes.