It's hard to tell from the picture but I think that middle layer is yeast and the rest is just trub material. The volume of trub you got in the jar indicates you didn't decant enough steps and/or you did not let it settle long enough before decanting.
When you do that rinse process it's all about temperature and time. The warmer the trub/water mix the longer it takes for the junk you don't want to drop out. You need to let it sit long enough that the stuff you don't want drops out but the yeast hasn't started to settle out. The more trub you start with the longer you need to rest before you decant the liquid to another container but generally you should be resting around 15-20 minutes the first time or two before you move the liquid into its final destination.
After the rinsing process I transferred it from a 6-gal carboy to a one gallon glass jar. I let it settle and stratify for about an hour. The jars I used were sanitized in boiling water the night before, so the water wasn't warm. The water and yeast/trub were about the same temperature (65-70F).
After the one gallon glass jar settled for about another hour, I transferred to the one quart jar in the picture. Then I put that in the fridge because I didn't see anymore obvious trub at that time. So what is in the picture has been crashing for about 84 hrs.