52100 typically has a Cr content of ~1.5% - good for heat treating but doesn't do a lot for corrosion resistance. Use a 304 or 316 stainless or a non-metal.....like marbles (any glass or ceramic will work too!).
I use marbles, a chunk of 304 stainless, or an old keg post that I snapped the pins off while trying to remove it.
BTW your beer turned black because the pH is low enough to etch the steel. When steel is etched it turns...black.
When my company isn't paying me to answer emails and go to meetings I spend time being a metallurgist.