OK, admittedly the answer is probably 'You can't,' but we're a creative bunch.
The specific issue is that I recently bought a stainless conical from Stout Tanks. I have always used gallon marks on my Better Bottles or my Speidel fermenter to see when I need to shut off the transfer from the fermenter to the keg so as to not have beer bubble out of the pressure relief valve on the corny keg. The issue is that I want to do all my transfers with no exposure to air, so I can't just look inside.
So now as I see it, the only way to be sure of that is to watch the volume going into the conical from the boil kettle - one step removed hence a greater chance of mistakes.
I know this isn't a critical issue, but I have some time to work out the details of using the conical since I can't use it until I purchase an upright freezer for a fermentation chamber. How do you all make sure of the volume going into your keg from a conical?