The seals aren't 100% perfect. The amount would be small I'm sure.
yup, over 50 or 100 years you'll lose all your carbonation too.
According to Charlie P, The Home Brewer's Companion, referring to plastic pet bottle:"although there is pressure in a bottle of beer and it seems that because of that outward pressure, no air would ingress into the beer, it doesn't happen that way. Why? Because the outward pressure is created by only carbon dioxide gas. There is no oxygen gas inside the beer pushing outward ; consequently, it's as though the oxygen sees a void and thus makes it's way in, slowly. There is a very small amount of air ingress through the seal of a bottle cap as well." He cites Boyle's law "which has to do with the observation that gases will seek equilibrium in the environment they are capable of inhabiting."
It seems as though "air tight" doesn't necessarily mean "oxygen impermeable". And PET plastic and crown cap gaskets are oxygen permeable but what about the rubber gasket on Grolsch-type botlles or kegs? Is it oxygen impermeable? I don't know. What about the oxygen permeability of modern beer bottles which are a glass-plastic blend vs. Old-school recyclable bottles which are 100% glass. So what is truly THE best way to protect beer from oxygen? My guess is a keg with the headspace purged occasionally.
BTW, Charlie P is still the man just as much as anyone whom is more recently "beer-famous".