I love brewing w/ carboy's, I hate not being able to easily sample. I tried to think of an easy way to grab a quick sample while maintaining sanitation and limiting oxygen exposure.
I took a stopper and ran a racking cane down the center and sealed it. Then I ran a brass barb through another whole I drilled in the stopper and sealed it.
1) Sanitize the sampler
2) Hook the gas tube to a regulator off a co2 tank (left tube) and give it a quick purge to remove oxygen.
3) Remove existing carboy stopper and airlock and place device onto carboy.
4) Feed a SMALL amount of pressure from tank to the gas line, and beer will start flowing upwards through the racking cane and out.
Since this picture, I actually put a picknick tap on the end of the racking cane so that I could apply a small amount of pressure to the carboy, then just use the picknick tab to control the flow out to my sampling container.
Before this, I was using a racking cane and my thumb to grab samples, and I had to dip like 15 times, I felt it was too risky. I know you can buy better dampling tubes, but they were pricey, and this was built from stuff I already had. Just thought I'd share.