Sidenote: Yeah I know the feeling. It's like when I claim that if your city uses chlorine gas to treat the water, you don't have to filter because all the chlorine will gas off when you heat the water. Woe is us!
Cities do not use chlorine gas to treat water. They use sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), which is basically common household bleach. Sodium hypchlorite decomposes into hypochlorous acid and hypochloric acid when mixed with water. While these compounds will completely off-gas given enough time at a given temperature. They will not completely off-gas in the time it takes to hit strike temperature; therefore, when mixed with malt, these compounds will react with malt, forming chlorophenols. That is basic chemistry. If that were not true, commercial breweries would not spend money on water filtration systems. Another problem with brewing with straight, unfiltered municipal tap water that is treated with sodium hypochlorite is that the dosing often changes with the seasons, so the time to off-gas changes with the seasons. Water tends to more heavily dosed in the summer than the winter. That is due to higher microflora counts in the summer than in the winter. If you sit for the BJCP exam, you will become familiar with chlorophenols, more so if you start judging local contests. A beer made with unfiltered, chlorinated tap water brew taken straight from the tap to kettle tastes very different than one made with filtered water from the same water source.
That being said, some cities dose what with a mixture of sodium hypochlorite and ammonia, more commonly known as chloramine. No amount of boiling will remove that compound.