Many questions with little detail. First, are you referring to an actual joist or the bottom horizontal beam of a truss? There is a big difference. Second, what kind of weight will you be lifting? Third, when you say “ceiling” are you referring to the underside of a floor joist? In which case the span of the joist and cross bracing between the joists should be considered before adding weight to the underside.
So, if you’re referring to a truss, I would not recommend using the bottom of a truss as a lifting point for anything over 30-40 pounds from a single truss and that is highly dependent on the type of truss and method in which it was constructed. Trusses are engineered to take weight from the top, not the bottom.
My response may seem a little extreme. But I’ve seen structural collapses due to improper hoisting.