I would investigate the possibility of moisture and corrosion due to water presence.
That's a possibility, especially if you're doing big long wort boils on the stove top. I'd expect more discoloration from corrosion, though, especially near the top of the bulb. The clean, closely-placed pits still look like arcing to me, although perhaps it was a combination of water vapor getting into the bulb, which then triggered arcing. Either way, the light socket needs to be looked at.
If Phil can get look at the inside of the light socket, he can tell for sure if it's damaged. If it is, there might be small cones or beads of metal from the lightbulb on the inside of the socket. Like I said, I had a similar problem with an overhead fan/light combination.
It also occurs to me that since Europe (mostly) uses 220 volt household current, that there might be more risk of arcing and whatnot than on 110 volt systems, but I'd have no way of knowing.