It sounds like you did not let the primary fermentation finish before transferring to secondary. No worries. It sounds like it finished.
You really don't have to worry about leaving beer on the yeast (sediment) for a few weeks, I have left big beers on for 6+ weeks without a problem and normal gravity beers for 3-4. In fact I have never had a problem that I could point to as autolysis.
Transfering to secondary too soon can cause some stressed yeast and possibly an incomplete fermentation though. It sounds like you are not experiencing this.
How long was the beer in primary?
Even when dry hopping it is not really necessary to transfer to secondary by the way.
One of the most important things to keep in mind is that the beer does not know your schedule. It will be done when it is done and regardless of what the recipe says, it won't be done until then. If yo don't already have one, get a hydrometer and after things settle down in the primary fermenter, start taking gravity readings. When you get two or three in a row that are consistant over several days. Then bottle, Dry hop, transfer to secondary or whatever. Have fun!