Yes, add them to the mash. Beware of stuck sparges, tho, I recommend using some rice hulls to ameliorate this problem. I use 1 to 1 1/2 lbs of oats in my stouts, and add 1/4 lb of rice hulls. I usually used quick oats, or rolled oats, though flaked is good too. Just depends on whats available to me. They have all come out good.