$1 in 2018 is equivalent in purchasing power to about $1.02 in 2019. The dollar had an average inflation rate of 1.76% per year between 2018 and 2019, producing a cumulative price increase of 1.76%. Purchasing power decreased by 1.76% in 2019 compared to 2018. On average, you would have to spend 1.76% more money in 2019 than in 2018 for the same item.

This means that prices in 2019 are 1.02 times higher than average prices since 2018, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index.

The inflation rate in 2018 was 2.49%. The inflation rate in 2019 was 1.76%. The 2019 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 4.01% per year between 2019 and 2021.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the consumer price index (CPI). The CPI in 2019 was 255.66. It was 251.23 in the previous year, 2018. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics to officially determine inflation.

Contents

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Average inflation rate | 1.76% |

Converted amount ($1 base) | $1.02 |

Price difference ($1 base) | $0.02 |

CPI in 2018 | 251.230 |

CPI in 2019 | 255.658 |

Inflation in 2018 | 2.49% |

Inflation in 2019 | 1.76% |

$1 in 2018 | $1.02 in 2019 |

Inflation can vary widely by city, even within the United States. Here's how some cities fared in 2018 to 2019 (figures shown are purchasing power equivalents of $1):

**San Diego, California**: 3.56% average rate, $1 → $1.04, cumulative change of 3.56%**San Francisco, California**: 3.32% average rate, $1 → $1.03, cumulative change of 3.32%**Phoenix, Arizona**: 2.91% average rate, $1 → $1.03, cumulative change of 2.91%**Seattle, Washington**: 2.54% average rate, $1 → $1.03, cumulative change of 2.54%**Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas**: 2.10% average rate, $1 → $1.02, cumulative change of 2.10%**Minneapolis-St Paul, Minnesota**: 2.10% average rate, $1 → $1.02, cumulative change of 2.10%**Atlanta, Georgia**: 2.08% average rate, $1 → $1.02, cumulative change of 2.08%**Boston, Massachusetts**: 2.01% average rate, $1 → $1.02, cumulative change of 2.01%**Denver, Colorado**: 1.92% average rate, $1 → $1.02, cumulative change of 1.92%**Philadelphia, Pennsylvania**: 1.90% average rate, $1 → $1.02, cumulative change of 1.90%**Miami-Fort Lauderdale, Florida**: 1.75% average rate, $1 → $1.02, cumulative change of 1.75%**Tampa, Florida**: 1.73% average rate, $1 → $1.02, cumulative change of 1.73%**New York**: 1.65% average rate, $1 → $1.02, cumulative change of 1.65%**Chicago, Illinois**: 1.46% average rate, $1 → $1.01, cumulative change of 1.46%**Detroit, Michigan**: 1.32% average rate, $1 → $1.01, cumulative change of 1.32%**Houston, Texas**: 1.24% average rate, $1 → $1.01, cumulative change of 1.24%**St Louis, Missouri**: 1.02% average rate, $1 → $1.01, cumulative change of 1.02%

San Diego, California experienced the highest rate of inflation during the 1 years between 2018 and 2019 (3.56%).

St Louis, Missouri experienced the lowest rate of inflation during the 1 years between 2018 and 2019 (1.02%).

Note that some locations showing 0% inflation may have not yet reported latest data.

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1.00 in 2018 would be equivalent to £1.03 in 2019, an absolute change of £0.03 and a cumulative change of 2.50%.

In Canada, CA$1.00 in 2018 would be equivalent to CA$1.02 in 2019, an absolute change of CA$0.02 and a cumulative change of 1.99%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $0.02 and total percent change of 1.76%.

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. Breaking down these categories helps explain the main drivers behind price changes.

Between 2018 and 2019:

- Gas prices increased from $2.54 per gallon to $2.29
- Bread prices increased from $1.28 per loaf to $1.27
- Milk prices increased from $0.00 per gallon to $0.00
- Egg prices increased from $1.77 per carton to $1.55

This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 2018 and 2019.

Compare these values to the overall average of 1.76% per year:

Category | Avg Inflation (%) | Total Inflation (%) | $1 in 2018 → 2019 |
---|---|---|---|

Food and beverages | 1.84 | 1.84 | 1.02 |

Housing | 2.89 | 2.89 | 1.03 |

Apparel | -1.28 | -1.28 | 0.99 |

Transportation | -0.28 | -0.28 | 1.00 |

Medical care | 2.83 | 2.83 | 1.03 |

Recreation | 1.28 | 1.28 | 1.01 |

Education and communication | 0.73 | 0.73 | 1.01 |

Other goods and services | 2.03 | 2.03 | 1.02 |

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 2018. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 2018 and 2019:

CPI in 2019
CPI in 2018

×

2018 USD value

=

2019 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 251.23 in the year 2018 and 255.6575 in 2019:

255.6575251.23

×

$1

=

$1 in 2018 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $1.02 in 2019.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 2018 and 2019, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2019 - CPI in 2018CPI in 2018

×

100

=

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

255.6575 - 251.23251.23

×

100

=

The above data describe the CPI for all items. Also of note is the **Core CPI**, which measures inflation for all items except for the more volatile categories of food and energy.
Core inflation averaged 2.19% per year between 2018 and 2019 (vs all-CPI inflation of 1.76%), for an inflation total of 2.19%.

When using the core inflation measurement, $1 in 2018 is equivalent in buying power to $1.02 in 2019, a difference of $0.02. Recall that for All Items, the converted amount is $1.02 with a difference of $0.02.

In 2018, core inflation was 2.14%.

**Chained CPI** is an alternative measurement that takes into account how consumers adjust spending for similar items.
Chained inflation averaged 1.45% per year between 2018 and 2019, a total inflation amount of 2.19%.

According to the Chained CPI measurement, $1 in 2018 is equal in buying power to $1.01 in 2019, a difference of $0.01 (versus a converted amount of $1.02/change of $0.02 for All Items).

In 2018, chained inflation was 2.02%.

To help put this inflation into perspective, if we had invested $1 in the S&P 500 index in 2018, our investment would be * nominally* worth approximately $1.22 in 2019. This is a return on investment of 22.03%, with an absolute return of $0.22 on top of the original $1.

These numbers are not inflation adjusted, so they are considered *nominal*. In order to evaluate the *real* return on our investment, we must calculate the return with inflation taken into account.

The compounding effect of inflation would account for 1.73% of returns ($0.02) during this period. This means the inflation-adjusted * real* return of our $1 investment is $0.20. You may also want to account for capital gains tax, which would take your real return down to around $0 for most people.

Original Amount | Final Amount | Change | |
---|---|---|---|

Nominal |
$1 | $1.22 | 22.03% |

RealInflation Adjusted |
$1 | $1.20 | 19.92% |

Information displayed above may differ slightly from other S&P 500 calculators. Minor discrepancies can occur because we use the latest CPI data for inflation, annualized inflation numbers for previous years, and we compute S&P price and dividends from January of 2018 to latest available data for 2019 using average monthly close price.

For more details on the S&P 500 between 2018 and 2019, see the stock market returns calculator.

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Consumer Price Index (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 2019 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 5 Dec. 2021, https://www.officialdata.org/inflation-rate-in-2019.

Special thanks to QuickChart for their chart image API, which is used for chart downloads.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.

Average inflation rate | 1.76% |

Converted amount ($1 base) | $1.02 |

Price difference ($1 base) | $0.02 |

CPI in 2018 | 251.230 |

CPI in 2019 | 255.658 |

Inflation in 2018 | 2.49% |

Inflation in 2019 | 1.76% |

$1 in 2018 | $1.02 in 2019 |