By Duncan Bryant, American Homebrewers Association
All-grain brewers have many creative options to put their spent grains to good use instead of sentencing them to the trash.
Spent grains lend themselves well to compost piles, dog treats, farm animal feed, baked goods and other delicious food items. The trouble is, spent grain starts to go bad soon after it’s removed from the mash water. You may have noticed a rotten smell in your kitchen the next day after brewing if you didn’t take the trash out.
I always go into a brew day with the good intentions of putting my grains to use in food items I can share with friends, but to be honest the last thing I want to do after a six-hour brew day is bake. So much to my chagrin, the grains tend to end up on my neighbor’s compost pile. At least it’s more useful there than in the dumpster!
I was excited to find out there is a way to put spent grains to good use in food items without having to bake with it immediately after brewing. The solution is spent grain flour.
It still requires some substantial time on brewday, but the effort is minimal and well worth it. The result is a whole wheat-like flour that can be substituted as a portion of the flour in your usual recipes. And it keeps well!
The entire process takes about six to seven hours, but most of that time is spent drying the grains at low heat in the oven, with an occasional stir every few hours. Here’s how to make spent grain flour:
- Set your oven to its lowest heat setting. Around 150-175°F (65-79°C) is ideal.
- After the mash is complete, be sure all the liquid from your mash tun has been lautered or allow your grain bag to drip nearly dry.
- Once the grains are cool enough to handle, squeeze as much liquid from the grains as possible. If using a mash tun, it can be helpful to scoop a portion of saturated grains into a muslin bag and squeezing for easy water extraction.
- On a large, clean cookie sheet, spread out the grains evenly (about 1/4-1/2 inches thick). Do not pack the grains down. They should be relatively loose.
- Once the oven is preheated, place the cookie sheet inside and let dry for about six to seven hours.
- At the two-hour and four-hour mark, stir and rake the grains using a spatula or similar kitchen utensil. In the last two hours of the drying process as the grains get close to being fully dried, rake the grains more often to prevent scorching and uneven drying.
- Once the grains look and feel as dry as they were when you purchased them at the homebrew shop, they are ready to be processed. You should be able to run the grains through your hands without any sticking. If you are feeling exceptionally unmotivated, once the grains are dried they can be saved in an airtight container if you wish to do the processing the next day.
- Scoop in a portion of grains into a food processor and grind for about three minutes. You may need to stop and stir the grains a bit to ensure the grind is even. A blender, coffee grinder or spice grinder can be used in stead of a food processor, but may take a bit more effort.
- The final product should be about the consistency of wheat flour. It’ll be heavier and more coarse than all-purpose flour, but should still be fairly fine. Don’t be surprised if there is the occasionally large piece grain or husk.
- Store the spent grain flour in airtight containers and place in your cupboard for future use. It is important to ensure the flour is completely dry (as it should have been before the food processing step) to prevent any chance of the flour rotting.
That’s it! Next time you are making a recipe that uses whole wheat flour, substitute your homemade spent grain flour for up to half the quantity called for. For example, a recipe calling for three cups of whole-wheat flour should use up to 1.5 cups of spent grain flour and use the regular flour to make up the rest.